Saturday, May 4, 2013

Galle Fort – Heritage Town in Southern Sri Lanka

First built in 1588 by the Portuguese, Galle fort is an iconic landmark in Galle Town ,Sri Lanka.This is one of the UNESCO World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka.There are several churches, mosque, old English, Dutch houses ,tall lighthouse and rest of the other heritage monuments and building make this a famous tourist attraction place in southern part of Sri Lanka.

a tourist walking in a street of galle heritage site

Tourists walking near the Galle Lighthouse - Sri Lanka

An old colonial entrance in the galle fort heritage site – Sri Lanka

man riding a motorcycle in galle heritage site

an old english style house balcony in galle fort- srilanka
Enjoy more photos of Galle at

Sunday, July 31, 2011

Red Bull X-Fighters Jams FMX show ,Colombo Sri lanka - 2011

A grand FMX show of Red Bull X-Fighters Jams happened in Srilanka on 30th  July 2011,for the second time after 2010.These are few pictures from the Show.Please have look at my other profiles for more stunning photos and stories.New photos will be published within 24 hours.Stay tuned.If you want to purchase any images please contact

Official Page   -

Flickr              -

Saturday, January 8, 2011

--- Lipton’s Seat ---

The look-out point of true panoramic Beauty of Srilankan Highlands.

“Hey machan wake up..!! "

Friendly word and a tap from my friend woke me up from the deep sleep of  9 hours train journey.
I wiped the mist off the windows and looked around, its almost early morning, and I’m at Haputale railway station. We have traveled 195km through the highlands of Srilanka, from Colombo Fort railways station.

It was a long before plan to go to Haputale, one of the most spectacular towns in Srilanka.
It was a 2 days trip and our first plan is to go the Lipton seat, it is the highest point of the mountain ranges out there, which is named after the famous Tea planter of Ceylon, Sir Thomas Lipton, who used it as a look-out point when surveying the surrounding region of his tea plantations at Dambatenna Estate.

Soon after we get out of the station it is the haputale Town, quite a large town where you can buy anything. After the breakfast from a decent bakery, we a group of 6 hired a van at the nearby bus depot to go to Lipton seat.

We traveled almost like a snake ,hills after hills, turns after turns, and it is  not an easily forgettable  journey, we are completely surrounded by the misty mountain ranges, cool breeze, sounds of tall trees, lines of local tea plucking women carrying the basket on their shoulders, small groups of school children waving at us, sounds of birds, and the noise of the old vans engine. We didn’t talk with each other, cause we were busy admiring the true beauty of Haputale.We were lucky enough to get few local boys with us as guides along the journey who were explaining about the places we were passing.

30 minutes journey brought us to a small busy village which is entirely surrounded by the green mountain ranges and tea estates, which is situated just away from the main tea factory. The people are mostly Tamils and there are few Sinhalese also, and we could be able to see few tourists as well. Another 30 minutes travel along the hills and the gravel roads brought us straight to the Lipton’s seat, a world’s end point.

All we saw is hills after hills, around us. It is said that we can see the entire southern Srilanka which is until the coastal edge. But we could be able to see only a few stretches of lands as the place was covered fully by mist, the locals advised us to reach the place before 7 am, as after 8am the mist will really mess the clear view of the coastal line.

It is 11.30 am, “shall we cook machan?”, said one of our friends. The small morning breakfast didn’t satisfy our stomach. We quickly began preparing our lunch at a corner near the Lipton’s seat, finding water is almost impossible, so we had to go to nearby part of village to bring water where the people are very helpful and even let us charge our phones and use their toilets.
As I was the only one with a camera, i had the privilege of skipping the cooking part and documenting the trip, but i couldn’t resist the urge to go around the hills of Lipton’s seat and photograph the magnificent views which i have never seen in my life.
Time was ideal when i returned after a hour long shooting and my friends started to serve the food. Having a lunch prepared by us at one of the beautiful places in Srilanka and eating it enjoying the scenic beauty and cool breeze of the place is simply cannot be expressed by words. You have to go there and feel it by yourself.
The mist is all over even at the evening, the light slowly started to fade away. We began to setup our camps, out there but it was merely impossible to do so as it was extremely windy and the temperature went down so badly. We didn’t expect this sudden change which is usual at this place after around 5 pm.we decided to get back to a lower level, so we started to climb down the hills from Lipton seat along the gravel road which is almost completely covered by the mist, where it’s very difficult to see what is in front,it is a perfect example which every vehicle drivers should take care of. 
We started to walk down, and a 15 mints walk through the windy mist brought us to a small building which is used by the locals to rest, and we decided to spend our night out there. Two kind locals also stayed with us throughout the night for a support in an unknown place, and we felt sorry that we didn’t bring our sweaters. What more, the night went down with a delicious BBQ, camp fire, songs, and friendly chat. Everyone was enjoying every bit of minutes out there, the Lipton’s place and the nature of haputale made us so.
 Next day morning I’m the first to wake up, it was around 6.30 am, i don’t want the mist to disturb the view at Lipton seat as it did the last day. By the time we grab our bags and run through the bypass roads back to the lepton seat its almost 7.45 am, and the southern coastal line is already faded away, but we could be able to see more and more hills and river systems, roads and towns which we missed last day, I felt why the Great Sir Lipton choose this area as a lookout point,im pretty sure it’s not entirely the survey he did out there, but also he must have  admired & enjoyed the panoramic view the place providing.
I would simply say, being out there in the middle of Heaven of Nature, is truly relaxing, a MEDITATION!..

The sun was bright that day. We spent few hours out there taking group snaps, and got ready to get down to haputale town. I really didn’t want to leave the place. It is truly a paradise for any nature lovers and Photographers. And it is a very romantic place as well.
The decent was not quite good, the mist is low, and the sun is up sky. And we got 7km to get down along the road and bypassing shortcut roads. Every bit lands we passed made us craving to visit the place again, we are almost halfway down, until we find a truck loaded with fresh vegetables grown in the nearby villages, and in few minutes it got loaded with us as well. In an hour we are in the bus to Bandarawela which is a large hill country town, where we can get a bus back to Colombo.
I didn’t stop with that. I have traveled few more different trips to different places after that. But I’m yet to find an equally interesting, mesmerizing, and unforgettable, lifetime journey like i had in Haputale.

  •  You can go to haputale by train or bus, but going by train will give you the chance to see the scenic view of Srilankan highlands. Go to  to view the train schedule.
  • You can always hire a private vehicle to the Lipton seat at the Haputale bus depot for a really good fare.Or you can take bus from Haputale (town) up to Dambetenna (Tea Factory) and  walk from there, which will be around 7km to the Lipton’s seat.
  • Get the help of a professional guide or a local to go around the place, you also can ask from the tea factory for the instructions.
  • Bring enough food and water, don’t rely on the water found in the local villages, at unavoidable circumstances BOIL the water!
  • Bring umbrella or raincoat, the rain suddenly pours from nowhere!
  • Locals are very friendly and helpful, if necessary don’t hesitate to get some help from them.
  • If you want to see the complete panoramic view of the south coastal line from the Lipton’s seat, then be at the place before 7.30 AM.
  • Avoid being there after 5-6pm,as the temperature drops very rapidly, there will be so much of wind, and more than all the mist will merely hide the road from the view, which is very dangerous to the vehicles.
  •  Haputale is not only about Lipton’s seat, you can also visit St. Catherine’s Seat, another look-out point, and few waterfalls nearby.
  • Don’t forget to admire the beauty of Tea estates, activities, local villages, and the tea factory itself.

Saturday, February 13, 2010

What is HDR photography-Tutorial by Bhagi

My recent gallery "A journey to Pungudutivu-Jaffna ",which i have uploaded in Facebook,in the following common link HERE , and the High Resolution Photos in SMUGMUG have not only brought me 130 new visitors in just one day,but also made a lot of people to wonder what this guy (me),referring to as " High Dynamic Range Photography (or in lay language high definition photography) ".I do understand that a photographer's true passion should be not only giving images to entertain, but also providing some necessary technical information regarding the pictures that have been showcased.

So i thought to give you some basic details about High Dynamic Range Photography (HDR Photos).To understand HDR ,you must know how a camera differ from a human eye.They both see the common things in the world.But there is a major difference in how they perceive what they see.There where the term Dynamic Range come in.I would say a "Dynamic Range",is simply a range of light that is little to much or very darker to very brighter.

Digital Camera sensors or Film camera sensor have a fixed Dynamic Range,where they can record only a fixed amount of contrast .They cannot change them self according to the changing patterns of light.But our human eyes do not have a fixed Dynamic range,where according to the lighting pattern we can change our range of contrast recordings,thus giving a resultant picture perceived and produced by our brain.So you can now understand why in photography we use the most important two terms "over-exposed", and "under-exposed".,where we never say oh my eyes see the world over exposed and under exposed.

So when photographing we consider the darker areas,and lighter areas in the frame.If we do not want to overexpose a subject for example a sunset sky,then we get reading of the sky,where intentionally we make the subject below sky,darker than usual.If we want to take a picture of a person where the sun at background,then to prevent that person face getting darker,we take the reading of the persons face,and most of the time will end up in a well exposed face and over exposed sky.But it is not a problem to our eye,where our eye can see the clear face and at the same time a blue sky with sun.Because practically camera sensor is not sophisticated as our brain.So we give the camera a chance to record Dynamic ranges of lights.Which are Darker ,Neutral, and Lighter.

What are we doing here?.Simply rather than sticking to just one photo we are taking 3 or 5 differently exposed photos(as far as i know no camera currently record more than 5 differently exposed photos).Lets take it as 3 photos,it is the limit my camera Canon 50D can capture.We snap one over exposed photo,one neutrally exposed photo,and one under exposed photo.We call it as Exposure Bracketing.Relatively we are now getting closer to the human eyes,where we have now almost covered light range from darker to lighter,which is meant by the term Dynamic Range in photography.

So what is next.Now we have some serious post processing to do.We have to convert all those three photos into a single High Dynamic Range Photo,where now it will have all the details of darker areas and lighter areas.For this we have to use specialized HDR softwares like Photomatrix, which is the one i use.These softwares will automatically measure the details and produce us a final image which is what we call HDR photo.simple isn't it.
For those who are going to try this technique, remember,

1)Use a camera which has ability to Exposure compensate,and Exposure bracket all SLR cameras do have these functions.
2)Use a tripod if you do not have steady hands,as all photos should be perfectly aligned.
3)Bracket the shot according to the situation.
4)Dont change the aperture value or ISO value,as these will ruin all your efforts,in HDR photography you must change only the shutter value,where it will be done automatically when you use exposure bracketing.
5)Do not always try to make HDR photos,even though they will produce the best exposure,because you will stop learning the tough parts of photography,like exposure compensations,and exposure metering.

Here i have attached some HDR photos ive used in my new gallery" A journey to Pungudutivu-Jaffna "..Click on the pictures for a larger view.

Sunday, January 10, 2010

Which White Balance to select when Photographing almost Anything !!! -Tutorial By Bhagi

White Balance !!!..Heard of ?..yes everybody did.But as I'm photographing for last 4 years,i saw this is the most avoided feature in photography by most people,including myself,but once.
Here im not going to talk about Physics.I'm just trying to make you photographers life easy,and creative.This world is full of color spectrum.Fortunately we humans can perceive a light wave as it is.We can see a white as white and red as red.But cameras don't !!.,well most of the time.

How do cameras measure a light ?.Simply by color temperatures.Each colors has specific color temperatures.Camera sensors measure the temperature and give a resultant ,which has 50-50 % chances to produce accurate colors.So any changes in temperature calculations by camera will affect the photographs significantly.For example you will shoot one old white romantic couple on a bench and come up with a jaundiced couple (or patients!).Yes what else you need to ruin your once in a lifetime photo other than that.Then what is the option you got ?.Answer is Balance your Colors.Bring them to neutral as your eyes see them. How ?

Most digital camera nowadays has white balance settings.Normal snapshot camera models like my old Sony W50 has preset white balances ( Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Fluorescent, Incandescent, Flash ) and Professional Digital SLR camera like my Canon 50D has Shade,Custom color balance,and Color temperature modes in additionally.Presets are very handy,and you don't need to worry about anything,except the scene.But custom color and color temperature modes are really something.Ill briefly tell what they are before i really jump into the tutorial." What !!!! didn't start it yet !!! ".Well i thought of giving some explanations about white balance to people who have never tried it.

In custom white balance you show the camera a white sheet or a 18% Grey card and tell it, "This is the base color or a neutral color you should start off with ".The camera will then record the best color available,and it is the white balance setting used by most portrait photographers and even other professional photographers.Next mode is color temperature mode,where there are color temperatures in kelvins ( From 2500 K to 10,000 K ).2500K is more cooler like midday dark blue sky,and 10,000K is more warmer like evening sunsets.According to the scene you can change the color temperature to produce accurate colors.This is most commonly used in a creative way.

Auto white balance.!!!.I'm not going to tell about this,cause in here the camera decides everything.If you are in a hurry to take a fast moving subject or lazy to deal with other white balance modes then use this.It wont let you down,even though i rarely use this mode.But do you want to become a good photographer?.Then forget about the Auto color balance mode.

I'm not going to explain every modes and presets anymore.Instead ill show you the images i took with different White balance settings.So you can see the dramatic impact they can put on your photos.If you have specific questions or comments about certain mode,please write them below.

This is a seascape photo in the late cloudy afternoon,which i took with my Canon 50D.The white balance settings and the color temperatures are captioned in the
Images.A small exercise for you,select a white balance you like most,and state in the comments.So we can a select a best white balance most people like for a evening seascape view.My favorite is Fluorescent.

Click on the image for a larger view

Saw the difference?.White balance is not a colorful feature of a camera.But its a must feature of photography.Be creative.Have a good day.
Questions and comments are welcomed.!!

Thursday, July 30, 2009

Wasgamuwa National Park

History has it that Wasgamuwa woodlands have been occupied by man during the ancient Sinhala kingdoms before the birth of Christ. With a tremendous history this woodland was declared as a national park in 1984 especially for their wildlife nature. This woodland covers about 39,300 hectares in central and north- central provinces of Srilanka in the districts of Matale and Polonnaruwa.and can be reached from Matala or Hettipola. This National park is open to visitors from 6.00 a.m. to 6.00 p.m. The best period to reach the park is from the January to March.

In a simple one line sentence, we went “nature” treasure hunting at Wasgamuwa. It was filled with wild lives, strange looking plants, weird bugs and dramatic changes as riverine forest , grasslands and wetlands .There was a moment where all of us were running wild along with all the wild animals.

Wasgamuwa is famous for elephants who are known to be less habituated to people and more wildish. Along with these wild elephants that always have a habit of wandering in the woods in a bunch, we were blessed to see sloth bear, leopard, sambhur, spotted and barking deer, wild boar, wild buffalo and many other animals.

Arriving at Wasgamuwa after 6 hours of journey from Colombo which is about 225 km away from Wasgamuwa, we had a task to do before the sun sets. It was a matter of sleeping without a tent under the bright and beautiful moon. Of course that thought intrigued me and wouldn’t have been a bad idea after all. Yet, with all the effort of taking a camping tent with us all the way from Colombo to Wasgamuwa, we setup the tents and had a place with roof to sleep. What an experience it was, sleeping in the in the mid of jungle with no basic facilities and with mahavali and Amban rivers drawing boundaries from the outside world. Though we had a tour guide with us all the time, each and every one of us started to explore the land with a help of torch light. It was a tremendous experience. Knowing that there is an elephant just few meters away from you while you are at sleep is something I cannot explain. You have to feel it yourself.

Having had a thrilling night, we started the next day early with our cameras on safari trip. Of the 428 species of birds reported to be found in Sri Lanka, 143 species are found in this park and while we were travelling on the jeep, the engine sound was drowned in by the sound of birds.

With huge old trees towering you, it is hard not to be impressed by the jungle which is also with ancient tanks, several other ruins and historical religious sites. Among them what attracted me the most is Yadanganapitiya where the armies camped during the battle of kings Dutugemunu and Elara. The atmosphere of chattering birds, wild animals, and harmless small butterflies circling your head is simply mesmerising.

One thing we could see any where we went was elephants. They were doing their job without any fuss as we were doing ours, as in following them and taking photos. After the exciting and breathtaking safari trip we headed back to the camp to have yet another peaceful sleep.

The next day morning was mostly spent on swimming at Mahavali river and marvelling over bizarre looking plants. By noon, we had to make our way back to Colombo to lead our day to day life. But All in all my camping, safari experience at the Wasgamuwa has been one of the highlights of my trip.Yes Wasgamuwa the true beauty of Srilanka, is also the paradise for the Photographers and Bird watchers.

Monday, November 3, 2008

How To Create Panoramas - How I Did This Tutorial 6

What is Panorama?,Wikipedia states its "any wide view of a physical space",or simply its a wide angle representation of a location.But what is the role of panorama in photography,is it essential?.I would say "yes,somehow", to that question.Normaly there are two entities of photos,one is wide angle,other one is zoomed photo.As you all know abut zoom,lets take the wide angle photos.We use wide angle method to photo an entire location,for example a mountain side,in landscape photography.But do we acheive that specific 'entire' location.The answer is most of the time No.Why?..
We all know there are special lenses to take wide angle photos.Yes they can cover a lot of space laterally,than the normal lens.But they do have a limit for that.The result would be a photo which is somewhat wide that the view is now expanded.But what if we want a photo that is very wide,and which cannot accompalished by wide angle lenses.Here comes the Panoramas.
Now to the lesson...
Example 1 -Haputale Mountains..(Sample Photos-Click on the photos to enlarge)
Example 2 (Sample Photos)
In panoramas we are going to take several photos covering an entire location and then digitally redesign it to form a big wide photo.Ill explain it with examples..
1) You need a series of photos that can overlap.So capturing the images at the same level is recommended.So try to use a tripod.But in my example i didnt use a tripod.:)
2) Take much photos with overlaping edges, covering all the angles of the scene you like.
3) Now thats all in photography aspect.Now come to the Digital manipulation.
4) There are lots of softwares to create Panorama photos.But as most people use Photoshop as an editing tool.Ill explain using photoshop CS3.
5) Go to File ->Scripts->Load files into stack and choose the photos you want to make panoramas with.Alternately you also can use File->Automate->Photomerge..(But i like the first one because i find its easy)
6) Select the top image and Shift-Select the bottom image then press OK.The photos will auto load into your workspace.You can see your photos in the layer pallette.
7) Now select all layers using the Shift key,as you selected before.
Example 1 (Auto Alignment)
Example 2 (Auto Alignment)
8) Go to Edit->Auto-Align Layers..then select Auto.(Try to practice with other modes also).Now the photoshop automatically resize and overlap your photos into large wide frame.This process will take some time depending on the speed of your PC and size of photos.
9) Now you can see all the photos aligned overlaping the edges,but still you can see their edges.So now go to Edit->Auto-Blend Layers.Now you can see your photos are nicely overlapped with no borders in between.
10 ) Now use your cropping tool and crop the photo as you wish.
11) Thats all now you have a very wide photo as wanted..
Example 1 (Result)
Example 2(Result)
You dont need to go to a hilltop or beach to get panoramas.Simply take your camera and try at your home photographing outside.See you soon....

Wednesday, October 29, 2008

How to Photograph Waterfalls - How I Did This Tutorial 4

Once again im welcoming you to my Tutorial series,How I Did This.Today the tutorial 4,we are going to discuss an interesting subject.The Waterfalls,yes today the tutorial is on How to photograph a waterfall.Photos here were i took in Neluwa.
Waterfall photography is bit challenging to a photographer.Because even if you are an expert the light and exposure  will definitly fool you.So im going to tell you how to overcome this problem.Normally the waterfalls resides in a forest setup.But they also can be found in an open place.Waterfalls are moving subject.So photographing them need extra ability,however they are not like ordinary moving subjects.For an example you are photographing a racing car.If you miss the timing you will miss the car and very often you will end up with only the back of the car photographed.
But the waterfall have the continuous movement of water.So here you are not going to miss the scene.But you might miss the quality of the photo.Basically you can photograph the waterfall in two different ways.
a) Freeze the movement of the waterfall.
b) Blur the movement of the waterfall,which will give you a dynamic photo.
Ill explain the basic settings you can follow to take photos in both categories.

a) How to freeze the waterfall.
Here you are going to take a photo of a waterfall at a certain time fraction of a second.The photo will come like pouring the water from a hill.Freezing means you stop the motion at a specif time.To photograph this your camera should have facility to increase the shutter speed.I recommend you to turn your camera to shutter priority mode,which will auto adjust your aperture value.If the waterfall is in a open place you are safe.But if it is in a dark place dont increase the shutter speed too much.And dont use high ISO if your camera is not a professional SLR,because it will increase the noise.
Use a shutter speed of 1/500 to 1/1000 seconds without flash.If you are working in manual mode use a aperture value of 2.7 to 5.6.And you will end up with a photo like this.
Example of Freezing..You can see even the drops.
b) How to blur the waterfall
Here you are going to do a dynamic photography.You have to take it in a almost realtime situation.To make a silky apperance of the falls you have to reduce the shutter speed.1/4 to 3 seconds is enough.Waterfalls are bright objects.So when you expose them for more than 3 or 4 seconds,you will get a very overexposed photo with no streaks of water or quality of the water.At the same time to reduce overexposure you can use a high aperture valure.Here you must reduce the ISO speed to very low levels.And always use a tripod when you are using low shutter speeds.
Blurring..Silky appearance
Photographing the waterfall alone is not very attractive,use any frames that are available,for an exmple tree lines at the sites.At the sites of waterfall you might see small water ponds,an rocks where water falls from above.These are the places you might somtimes get good photos.So always look for that spots.I have put a photo at the top as an example of this spots.

I hope you have enjoyed this tutorial.Please add your comments,and suggestions which inturn can help me to develop myself and the readers of my future posts.Ill see you next time.

Tuesday, October 28, 2008

How to Photograph the Moon - How I Did This Tutorial 3

Welcome to my How i Did this Tutorial 3.Today as i have promised earlier im not going to tell about macro photography.Sorry for that.But today im going to discuss another interesting and difficult photography method.Lunar Photography or Moon Photography.What is moon photography,simply it is taking photographs of a moon.But How.Since moon is the biggest and brightest object in our night sky.It is always difficult to photograph a bright object.
There are lots of sites writing about moon photography.Those are often very advanced topics.Here im going to give you some simple ideas which those sites gave in pages.
Recently i bought a Sony DSC H50,which is a semi SLR,with a 15x zoom,it is now priced about 350$.Hey it is just a simple fact.Back to tutorial..
The only problem you will face here is if you use a P&S camera with about 3 or 4x zoom,you will get a tiny white dot.So i recommend you to use a zoom lens either on a SLR or a Semi SLr.
I took the picture above at digital zoom which is 30x.Because i used digital zoom to make the moon bigger i lost the quality of the photo.:(..Anyhow,How to take this photo...,
Here im going to explain just what are the setting you need to make,not explanation for each settings.
1) You need a tripod,to prevent bluring the subject when using low shutter speeds and for your own comfortable.If you dont have a tripod you can use a self timer in your camera which can reduce blurring due to camera shake.
2) Mount the camera to the tripod.
3) As i explained before the moon is very bright.So if you use high ISO(Which sometime cause high noise in P&S cameras.And if you reduce the ISO level below 100 then your photo will look dark.So try to use a standard 200 or 400 ISO speed.
This photo below was taken in a 81X VGA zoom,which reduces the quality very much,but anyhow gives a good view of the moon.
4)Next the shutter speed.The moon is not moving very fasr.So you can use low shutter speed.But if you use very low shutter speed there can be blur(If you dont have a tripod),or the moon will look very bright,and you cant see its texture.So Try to use a shutter speed which ranges from 1/1000 to about 1/60.If you are trying to use very low shutter speed then reduce the ISO level.
5) Put the aperture value to 5.6.Coz when you use this there will be a good depth of field,and you wont unnessasarily make the photo dark.
6) I recommend you to change this parameters as you wish and try to experiment with the results.When changing this parameters you may somtimes notice there are significant but attrative colour changes of the moon.
7) If you are using the P&S cameras try to use auto mode.Dont use flash.:)
8) If possible and your camera allows focus your camera to infinity.If you got auto focus,then no problem.
9) Most people dont like to see a just a full moon.So try to use different stages of moon like for example a crescent moon.,or relate the moon or frame it with someother objects you are having near to you.That will make it more interesting.Because i dont have much time,i just took two photos of moon for this tutorial purpose.
10) If you have any comments please submit.

Ill see you all in my next tutorial.Meantime enjoy my other posts.

Monday, October 27, 2008

Create your own Deepavali Greeting card - How I Did This Tutorial 2

Welcome to my How I Did This Tutorial 2.Today im going to show you how i took a photo to create a greeting card for the "Festivel of Lights",the Deepavali.Click here to see the greeting card.
This is an easy step to step guide that all of you can practice.I have posted the one of the greeting card in my last post.This time ill show you another photo.
Many people are thinking that being fundamental is the right way to do something.One aspect of that fundamentalism in photography is being "Natural",
yes i agree we should follow that,but for a certain extent.I can take a photo like this one below which is natural,It shows everything what should be there.But the thing is everyone know it before,they have seen it before.These days people want something different.

So keeping that in my mind i took another photo,
Now you can see the different.I would not say this is artificial,but its different.When we create greeting card or other things which we are going to share with a community,we have to make it unique.Because others also try to do so.That is my principle.Dont mind your time,because festivels come only once per year :).

Okey back to tutorial.You dont need to follow exactly what im telling,but take this as a guide.
1) Here the main concern is to create darkness which was lightened, as Deepavali implies uplifting spritual darkness.The theme differs with festivels
2) You can use even a P&S camera,but use it in the auto mode,turn off your flash.I used a semi SLR here.
3) Take a lamp,or somthing related to that which can be lighted.
4) Light it in several places,here i have lighted in three spots.
5) now take a piece of white paper,an A4 sheet is enough here.Keep the lamp on it.
6) Take a white cardboard keep it as a background,here you should not distract the viewers by keeping something else.
7) Turn off any light sources in your room.
8) You can also design it further.Here i have put a flower garland,which is artificial. ;)
9) Design the garland as you wish.
10) Now turn off the flash,increase the exposure.
11) In non P&S camera do the settings as i followed.
12) ISO - 100, F number 2.7, shutter speed 1/40 to 1/60 seconds.
13) Take much photos you could take in different angles,because have of your photos get blured because of darkness.I took about 40 photos,only about 10 came in excellent quality.
14) Take photos when the flame is straight up,beacause it will look nice.
15) Now you can put your own greetings on the photo using any photo editor.I used Photoshop.
16) You can practice the same white carboard and white A4 sheet method in other occasions too when taking commercial photographs.

Share your photos with me.Ill see you soon in my third tutorial,in which im going to explain Macro Photogaphy,where you can take photos of things which are even smaller than 1cm.